In today’s post, we will discuss the basic difference between C++ and Java.
Before starting about the difference let’s discuss some important points between C++ and Java.
Introduction to C++
As we all know that C++ is one of the most popular programming languages in different types of fields like Game engines, high-frequency trading, and many more.
C++ is known as a partially object-oriented programming language i.e. both structure-oriented and object-oriented programming language. It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup. Now a day’s C++ is used by a lot of big Software Companies like Microsoft, IBM, etc. It can also be used to develop various desktop applications, video games, E-Commerce, Web search and Databases, high-performance applications, etc.
C++ provides various types of support and features like object-oriented principles, Inheritance, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, Abstraction, etc. But one thing you have to remember is that a C++ code can be compiled even without having any classes or objects. So that’s why it is termed a partially object-oriented language.
Introduction to Java
Java was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems which is now acquired by the Oracle Corporation. It is known to everyone that Java is one of the most popular and demanded programming languages of today’s time which is used by hundreds of Software Companies and millions of developers all over the world.
Java is used to build various software applications to solve real-world problems that’s why java becomes the most popular programming language. Java is a general-purpose, multiplatform, class-based, easy-to-use, object-oriented programming language that is designed for having lesser implementation dependencies. It is considered one of the fastest, most secure, and most reliable programming languages preferred by different organizations to build their projects.
Java is platform-independent so that the java program can run on any system (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, and many more.) The biggest advantage of Java is Write Once Read Everywhere
Java also supports various features to enhance and develop scalable applications. Some special classes like Applets, Servlets, Java Server Pages (JSP), etc make the development of applications smooth and easier. Also, Java has various popular frameworks like Spring, Hibernate, and Springboot that help Java developers to work seamlessly.
Difference between C++ and Java
Now let’s deep dive into the difference between two popular languages that we know about CPP and Java are:
|Founder||Bjarne Stroustrup||James Gosling|
|Released||October 1985||May 23, 1995|
|Compilation||Compiled Language||Compiled and Interpreted Language.|
|Used for||System programming||Application programming|
|Concept||Write once compile anywhere||Write once run everywhere|
|Object management||Do not support garbage collection||Supports garbage collection|
|Inheritance||Supports single inheritance and multiple inheritances||supports single inheritance|
|Overloading||Supports both method and operator overloading||Supports only method overloading|
|Call by Value and Call by reference||Both supports call by value and call by reference||Supports only call by value|
|Compatibility||Compatible with C||Not compatible with any language|
|Pointers||Supports pointers||Only limited support for pointers|
|Structure||Supports structures||Do not support structures|
|Unions||Supports unions||Do not support unions|
|Error detection||The programmer is responsible to check the errors||System responsibility to check the errors|
|Memory Management||Manually by programmer||System-controlled|
|Goto Statement||It has a goto statement||It has no goto statement|
|Documentation Comment||Do not support||Built-in documentation comments support|
|Hardware||Nearer to hardware.||Not so interactive with hardware|
|Thread Support||Built-in support for multithreading||Doesn’t have built-in support for threads|
This is all about the difference between C++ and Java. It is better to learn more about Java due to the diversity and flexibility it provides. On other hand, people are looking forward to building operating systems, gaming engines, etc. those where high performance is needed, so to get benefits C++ can provide a better experience for these requirements.