Difference between C++ and Java

In today’s post, we will discuss the basic difference between C++ and Java.

Before starting about the difference let’s discuss some important points between C++ and Java.

Introduction to C++

As we all know that C++ is one of the most popular programming languages in different types of fields like Game engines, high-frequency trading, and many more.

C++ is known as a partially object-oriented programming language i.e. both structure-oriented and object-oriented programming language. It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup. Now a day’s C++ is used by a lot of big Software Companies like Microsoft, IBM, etc. It can also be used to develop various desktop applications, video games, E-Commerce, Web search and Databases, high-performance applications, etc. 

C++ provides various types of support and features like object-oriented principles, Inheritance, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, Abstraction, etc. But one thing you have to remember is that a C++ code can be compiled even without having any classes or objects. So that’s why it is termed a partially object-oriented language.

Introduction to Java

Java was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems which is now acquired by the Oracle Corporation. It is known to everyone that Java is one of the most popular and demanded programming languages of today’s time which is used by hundreds of Software Companies and millions of developers all over the world.

Java is used to build various software applications to solve real-world problems that’s why java becomes the most popular programming language. Java is a general-purpose, multiplatform, class-based, easy-to-use, object-oriented programming language that is designed for having lesser implementation dependencies. It is considered one of the fastest, most secure, and most reliable programming languages preferred by different organizations to build their projects.

Java is platform-independent so that the java program can run on any system (Windows, Mac, Linux, Raspberry Pi, and many more.) The biggest advantage of Java is Write Once Read Everywhere

Java also supports various features to enhance and develop scalable applications. Some special classes like Applets, Servlets, Java Server Pages (JSP), etc make the development of applications smooth and easier.  Also, Java has various popular frameworks like Spring, Hibernate, and Springboot that help Java developers to work seamlessly.

Difference between C++ and Java

Now let’s deep dive into the difference between two popular languages that we know about CPP and Java are:

PropertyC++Java
FounderBjarne StroustrupJames Gosling
ReleasedOctober 1985May 23, 1995
Platform DependencyPlatform-dependentPlatform-independent
CompilationCompiled LanguageCompiled and Interpreted Language.
Used forSystem programmingApplication programming
PortabilityNot-PortablePortable
ConceptWrite once compile anywhereWrite once run everywhere
Object managementDo not support garbage collectionSupports garbage collection
InheritanceSupports single inheritance and multiple inheritancessupports single inheritance
OverloadingSupports both method and operator overloadingSupports only method overloading
Call by Value and Call by referenceBoth supports call by value and call by referenceSupports only call by value
CompatibilityCompatible with CNot compatible with any language
PointersSupports pointersOnly limited support for pointers
StructureSupports structuresDo not support structures
UnionsSupports unionsDo not support unions
Error detectionThe programmer is responsible to check the errorsSystem responsibility to check the errors
Memory ManagementManually by programmerSystem-controlled
Goto StatementIt has a goto statementIt has no goto statement
Documentation CommentDo not supportBuilt-in documentation comments support
HardwareNearer to hardware.Not so interactive with hardware
Thread SupportBuilt-in support for multithreadingDoesn’t have built-in support for threads

This is all about the difference between C++ and Java. It is better to learn more about Java due to the diversity and flexibility it provides. On other hand, people are looking forward to building operating systems, gaming engines, etc. those where high performance is needed, so to get benefits C++ can provide a better experience for these requirements.

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